Cocaine is a powerful stimulant drug that is incredibly addicting to users. The roots of cocaine actually come from the leaves of a plant called Erythroxylon coca, which is from South America. For centuries, people in South America have chewed on coca leaves as a way to gain energy, but over a little over a century ago pure cocaine was originally created. Originally, it was thought that there could be health benefits to cocaine, but the negative effects of cocaine abuse highly outweighed any positives. Today, powder cocaine is sold as a street drug that can be injected, snorted, or even smoked.
EFFECTS OF COCAINE ABUSE
Short term effects
The reason that people use cocaine is for the intense and stimulating high that you get shortly after using. Cocaine use causes the brain to release both dopamine and adrenaline. The result is a feeling of euphoria and a sudden burst of energy that makes the user more mentally alert, in addition to heightened senses of sight and sound. The initial rush of cocaine use lasts for about half an hour, but then slowly decreases. During the cool down of cocaine use, the body experiences incredibly high blood pressure and an increased heart rate. Depending on how high of a dose a user took, muscle twitches and seizures may occur, as well as anxiety, paranoia, irritability, or even vertigo.
Long term effects
After using cocaine for a long period of time, addicts will experience a variety of negative side effects. A lot of these medical complications depend on how long a user has been abusing cocaine, as well as how often they were using and at what dosage. The health issues caused by chronic cocaine addiction can be either cardiovascular or cognitive.
Cardiovascular effects may include irregular heartbeats, inflammation around the heart, heart attacks, and a variety of other heart problems. Cognitive effects may lead to strokes, seizures, brain deterioration, lowered alertness, emotional problems, and anxiety orders. Other issues may include kidney problems, such as disease or failure, sexual dysfunction, respiratory problems, vascular problems, or even viral hepatitis.